Skin cancer in children- an alarming report!
Skin decease was considered to be a deadly disease that affected only the adults who were exposed to the UV rays of the sun and other carcinogens in the long run, but in recent time’s skin cancer is affecting innocent little children too. But since the children are not having any extreme level of exposure in the sun the experts and researchers searched for another apt reason for the kids to be affected by skin cancer. After yearlong researches the scientists concluded the reason for the children to be affected by the skin cancers are due to maybe a defective gene.
There are enzymes called as the nucleotide excision repair enzymes present in the body which repairs any damages caused in the DNA. During this process there might cause a mutation to other adjacent cells, and during this process the genes within the cells are also altered. In case the gene that was altered was performing the function of suppressing the cancer cells then by altering them their actions might get altered and reversed. Because of this these genes might start to induce the cancerous tumors.
This Nucleotide excision repair enzymes also performs the functions of repairing the damages caused to cells because of UV rays. Once the enzyme is mutated it is not able to repair any damages. Without this protection the skin becomes vulnerable to more and more damages every time the skin is being exposed to the Ultra Violet radiation. When these cases become severe then the patient might be advised to completely avoid sunlight.
This kind of disorders might develop in to skin cancer in little kids. The little child can be infected by any of the three kinds of skin cancers but the most important kind of skin cancer that affects the squamous cell carcinoma and metastatic malignant melanoma. Sometimes it might result in death or any other disorder. The individual’s prognoses affected are grim. Almost sixty percentage of the little children who are infected by this disease usually die before the age of twenty, though in certain cases they tend to live up to middle age.
There are so many treatments involved as a cure for the little children who are suffering with skin cancer such as limited exposure to UV radiation, along with supplements and medications. If your child has been diagnosed with xeroderma pigmentosum then you should strictly prohibit your little kid from exposing to sunlight. In case you have to take your kid in sunlight then care should be taken for protecting against the harmful UV radiations.